Understand Safety Terms – Lost Time Injury

Lost time injury (LTI) is a work-related injury or illness that results in a person being unable to work on a subsequent scheduled day or shift.

Example: An employee is injured on the job on Wednesday. He was scheduled to work Thursday and Friday regular hours and Saturday overtime. He was told not to work until Monday, and he did. This is a lost time injury. The employee missed three scheduled work days (Thursday, Friday, and Saturday) and the three days are counted as missed work days for this case.

Restricted Work Case (RWC) is a work-related injury or illness that results in work activity limitations that prevent a person from performing any of their normal job duties or from doing all work during any part of the day.

Example: An employee’s normal job requires repetitive lifting and other manual labor tasks. He is injured and cannot lift more than 5 kilograms. Many items that are typically lifted in your work exceed this limit. The employee is temporarily assigned to another department because work in this area does not involve lifting. Another employee is assigned to do the injured employee’s job. This is a restricted work case because the employee was transferred to another job.

Medical Treatment Case (TCM) is a work-related injury or illness that requires medication, treatment, or a medical check-up that is normally administered by a healthcare professional and goes beyond a first aid case. The medical treatment case does not result in time lost from work beyond the date of injury.

Example: An employee has a lacerated arm after coming into contact with a sharp edge. The ward nurse applies steri-strips to the wound. This case can be registered because the application of steri-strips as wound closure is considered medical treatment by definition.

First Aid Case (FAC) is a work-related minor injury or illness that requires only simple treatment and does not require follow-up treatment by a healthcare professional. The first aid case does not result in lost time from work or work restrictions.

First aid. Any one-time treatment and subsequent observation of small scratches, cuts, burns, chips, etc., which do not normally require medical attention. Such treatment and observation are considered first aid even if provided by a healthcare professional.

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